- Backbiting is same as eating the meat of a dead person
- What is backbitting?
- Backbitting is an air-pollution.
- The commandment of guarding one’s tongue.
- Every word is recorded by angels of Allah.
- Good words please Allah and bad words displease Allah.
- The believer must speak well or remain silent.
- The true Muslim avoids hurting others with his tongue.
- Proper use of speech will lead to Paradise.
- Misuse of speech can lead to Hellfire.
- Exceesive talk hardens the heart and keeps away from Allah.
- Our limbs humble themselves before the tongue.
- Bad speech would pollute the pure sea.
- Punishment of backbiting.
- Accepted repentance from backbiting and slander.
WHAT IS BACKBITTING?
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Do you know what is backbiting?” The Companions said: “Allah and His Messenger know better.” Thereupon he said, “Backbiting is talking about your (Muslim) brother in a manner which he dislikes.” It was said to him: “What if my (Muslim) brother is as I say.” He said, “If he is actually as you say, then that is backbiting; but if that is not in him, that is slandering.”[Muslim].
BACKBITTING IS AN AIR-POLLUTION
Jabir bin `Abdullah said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah when a rotten odor was carried by the wind. The Messenger of Allah said,(Do you know what this odor is It is the odor of those who backbite people.)” Imam Ahmad.
A cousin of Abu Hurayrah said, The Prophet said: (The backbiting you committed against your brother is worse as a meal than this meal. By He in Whose Hand is my soul! He is now swimming in the rivers of Paradise.)” Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la recorded this Hadith which has an authentic chain of narration.
THE COMMANDMENT OF GUARDING ONE’S TONGUE
Since Backbitting is done by tongue Allah commands all the believers to guide their tongue:
EVERY WORD IS RECORDED BY ANGELS OF ALLAH
GOOD WORDS PLEASE ALLAH AND BAD WORDS DISPLEASE ALLAH
Therefore, the angels record every word that is spoken. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “A man utters a word pleasing to Allah without considering it of any significance for which Allah exalts his ranks (in Jannah); another one speaks a word displeasing to Allah without considering it of any importance, and for this reason he will sink down into Hell.”[Al-Bukhari].
Abu ‘Abdur-Rahman Bilal bin Al-Harith Al-Muzani (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
THE BELIEVER MUST SPEAK GOOD OR REMAIN SILENT
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “He who believes in Allah and the Last Day must either speak good or remain silent.”
THE TRUE MUSLIM AVOIDS HURTING OTHERS WITH HIS TONGUE
Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I asked the Messenger of Allah (PBUH): “Who is the most excellent among the Muslims?” He said, “One from whose tongue and hands the other Muslims are secure.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
PROPER USE OF SPEECH WILL LEAD TO PARADISE
Sahl bin Sa`d (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Whosoever gives me a guarantee to safeguard what is between his jaws and what is between his legs, I shall guarantee him Jannah.” [Al-Bukhari].
MISUSE OF SPEECH CAN LEAD TO HELLFIRE
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Prophet (PBUH) saying, “A person utters a word thoughtlessly (i.e., without thinking about its being good or not) and, as a result of this, he will fall down into the fire of Hell deeper than the distance between the east and the west.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
EXCESSIVE TALK HARDENS THE HEART AND KEEPS AWAY FROM ALLAH
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Do not indulge in excessive talk except when remembering Allah. Excessive talking without the Remembrance of Allah hardens the heart; and those who are the farthest from Allah are those whose hearts are hard.” [At-Tirmidhi]
OUR LIMBS HUMBLE THEMSELVES BEFORE THE TONGUE
Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “When the son of Adam gets up in the morning, all the limbs humble themselves before the tongue and say: `Fear Allah for our sake because we are with you: (i.e., we will be rewarded or punished as a result of what you do) if you are straight, we will be straight; and if you are crooked, we will become crooked.”’ [At-Tirmidhi].
BAD SPEECH WOULD POLLUTE THE PURE SEA
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: I said to the Prophet (PBUH): “Such and such thing of Safiyyah (May Allah be pleased with her) is sufficient for you.” (She means to say that she was a woman with a short stature). He said, “You have indeed uttered a word which would pollute the sea if it were mixed in it.” She further said: I imitated a person before him and he said, “I do not like that I should imitate someone even (if I am paid) in return such and such.”[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].
PUNISHMENT OF BACKBITTING
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “During the Mi`raj (the Night of Ascension), I saw a group of people who were scratching their chests and faces with their copper nails. I asked, `Who are these people, O Jibril?’ Jibril replied: `These are the people who ate flesh of others (by backbiting) and trampled people’s honour.”'[Abu Dawud].
ACCEPTED REPENTANCE FROM BACKBITING AND SLANDER
Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said, (And have Taqwa of Allah), that is, regarding what He has commanded you and forbidden for you. Fear Him and beware of Him, (Verily, Allah is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful.)
He forgives those who repent to Him, is merciful with those who go back to Him and trust in Him. The majority of scholars have stated that repentance for committing the sin of backbiting is that
1. One refrains from backbiting intending not to repeat it again,
2. One must feel remorse for such an act,
3. It is better to praise those whom a person has backbitten in audiences instead of apologizing to them which could hurt them more.
4. One can recompense by fixing the demage caused by backbiting.